Is a Frenchie right for me?

french bulldog 01

Anyone who knows about the French Bulldog breed understands these dogs have a one-of-a-kind personality making each one unique. With their big bat ears and spunky dispositions, what's not to love? Bred primarily as companion dogs, Frenchies crave all the love and affection we humans have to offer. Even apartment dwellers and first-time pet parents will love this affectionate breed as they’re just as satisfied playing with their humans and k9 friends as they are being a couch potato. Goofy, yet intelligent, French bulldogs make an easygoing best friend for any dog lover.

As with bringing in any new forever furbaby, it is a big decision to make and should be considered a lifelong commitment, but, if your idea of the perfect pet is a pint-sized comedian with a special gift for napping, the Frenchie just may be the perfect fit for you!

Breed Characteristics:


They are not a “high energy” breed; the only exercise they require is a short walk around the block.  Their well-mannered behavior and lack of barking make them great for apartment living.

Adding a French Bulldog to your life is a decision that should be taken into careful consideration to ensure it is the proper fit for both the potential owner and the dog itself.  This breed is not for everyone. It is paramount that the potential owner research breeders that will help mentor them through this process and will support them not only in puppy hood but the lifetime of the animal.

Their world revolves around their human companions. It is ideal for these dogs not to be left alone for long periods of time as they can sometimes be prone to separation anxiety. Proper crate training puppies from the beginning will help immensely with anxiety the dog might have in the future.

French Bulldogs are a brachycephalic breed and do not tolerate extreme temperatures. Appropriate measures (limiting outdoor time) should be taken when weather is either too cold or too hot.


French Bulldogs are great with children but like with any dog, playtime should always be supervised with an adult present.

They are great with other pets.  Any playtime between animals should always be monitored as well.

Frenchies thrive on human contact! They have an amazing ability to read their human’s emotions.  They love their human fiercely and always want to be by their side.

Health and Grooming

Well bred Frenchies from historically healthy lines and solid structures typically are very healthy.  The most common health problems that occur long term are allergies, gastrointestinal issues, and spinal conditions as their age progresses.

The AKC standard weight is 28lbs, and most have a medium to small structure build. They are a dog of heavy bone, large head, and compact build. Weight and structure is heavily dependent on genetics, proper diet and lineage.

The most common health problems in French Bulldogs long term are allergies, gastrointestinal issues and spinal issues as their age progresses. Most of these conditions can be maintained by regular vet visits, proper diet and maintenance, and taking proactive precautions to protect the spine.

You can expect regular seasonal shedding along with general shedding which is considered typical with any dog that has a short fine coat.

Regular ear cleaning, teeth cleaning, bathing, tail pocket cleaning (if applicable), and nail trimming is required. Although some owners prefer to have a professional help with these needs, most types of grooming can be taken care of by pet owners at home.

Much like humans, it is beneficial to not have any extra unnecessary with on their body frame.  30 minutes of daily exercise is more than sufficient for most French Bulldogs.

Frenchies, and bulldogs in general, are known for their flatulence and are probably one of the most annoying characteristics of this dog breed.  Unfortunately, they seem to be the “silent and violent kind” sneaking up on you when you least expect it. An excess of gas can be attributed to many factors including diet but mainly due to how quickly they eat. belonging to brachycephalic breeds, they seem unable to slowly eat the food, causing a build up of gas.  The best way to prevent your pooch from choking is to buy him a special feeding bowl that will prolong the time of his meal.


Because of their stubborn nature, Frenchies can sometimes be difficult to potty train. However, don’t let them fool you; Frenchies are very smart and with consistency potty training can be very achievable. Several methods can be utilized to accommodate both owner and dog such as litter box training, pee stations and bells on doors.  It is important to reward the puppy with proper praise and treats.

Although this breed is not ideal for competing in obedience or agility, training can be achieved through positive reinforcement and consistency.  It is important to know that Frenchies are very strong willed and strubborn so patience is key!

Contrary to popular belief French Bulldogs are a very intelligent breed. They are “free thinkers” and will not do your bidding willingly.

Frenchies are excellent at figuring out the attributes and behaviors of their owners and what they expect from them. They can successfully solve a problem and learn from the environment and their surroundings.


While they will not typically be able to protect you from a physical attack, they will do their best to let you know something is not right immediately.  Frenchies have excellent hearing and will notify you via a bark or two whether someone comes to the door, or a strange animal or person is within earshot. Their typical bulldog nature to protect will come in full force making the ridge of hair on their back stand straight while standing in the full “bulldog stance” while barking to alert their human. But don’t fooled, once a friendly “hello” is given most Frenchies turn over to their backs waiting for their next belly rub.

French Bulldogs do bark when they believe it is warranted. They typically only bark or howl when they have something important that they need to communicate.

Frenchies are known for chewing wood, whether it be a picnic table outside, a leg of furniture or your baseboards.  Chewing habits are more common while puppies are teething.  It is important to have safe bones, chew toys, and other enrichment items for them to play with.

This breed is not known for their excellent swimming capabilities due to their short legs and compact build.  Each Frenchie has their own preference to water, some will willingly jump in to cool off while others will steer clear.  Although some can be taught to swim, it is very important to always watch your Frenchie outside and around areas of water.


French bulldogs are not easy to breed. Breeding is very time consuming and also expensive. Most bulldogs do not mate or birth naturally, therefore progesterone testing, artificial inseminations and Cesareans are common. Breeding should only be considered after substantial research has been done accompanied with an experienced mentor support system and veterinary care.

While some can successfully breed as nature intended, most bulldogs do not. It is common practice and the safest to collect semen and artificially inseminate the female.

Typically, natural whelpers come from bloodlines of natural whelpers.  Caution should be used if you plan to whelp naturally and an experienced veterinarian should d be on standby.  It is now common practice for French Bulldogs to deliver via Cesarean section.

It can be very expensive to breed French Bulldogs. Costs per litter can vary but the normal range per litter is $2000-$5000.  From stud fees, progesterone testing, artificial inseminations, C-sections, vet bills and puppy supplies the price per litter can change depending on the area you live and supplies you need.

General Health Concerns with Frenchies

French bulldogs are notorious for their long list of health concerns, but like with any breed, knowledge is key and buying from a reputable breeder can help save you thousands of dollars in future medical bills. If you are looking for a new Frenchie to buy, it is wise to talk to the breeder about the health of the parents and make sure they have been health tested and cleared by a reputable genetic and DNA testing company. Although not always the case, most Frenchie’s health disorders can be passed down and known as hereditary conditions, or genetic. French Bulldogs are commonly bred for their appearance of flat faces, smushed noses and stocky build. The problem with breeding solely for looks is that it can bring in a host of unwanted characteristics causing spinal disorders, hip dysplasia and breathing difficulties. Below is a list of common genetic conditions in Frenchies, some of which can easily be tested for and treated if caught early.

Hip Dysplasia- Degenerative skeletal disorder in which the ball and socket joint of hip is not formed correctly

Brachycephalic Obstructive Airway Syndrome- (BOAS) is a common pathological condition that affects bulldogs which can lead to respiratory distress.  Some of the abnormalities that contribute to this condition are elongated soft palatestenotic nares, a hypoplastic trachea, and everted laryngeal saccules (a condition which occurs secondary to the other abnormalities). Due to these components making it more challenging to breathe, situations of heat, exercise and stress can make breathing more labored creating a vicious cycle that can quickly lead to a life-threatening situation.

CMR1- Canine Multifocal Retinopathy- eye disease caused by mutation

DM- Degenerative Myelopathy- health condition that affects the back legs of an affected dog

HUU- Hyperuricosuria- a hereditary condition that causes elevated levels of uric acid in urine

JHC- Juvenile Hereditary Cataracts- early onset of cataracts

IVDD- Intervertebral Disk Back Disease- disk herniation trough the shell, and compresses nerve tissue

Cleft palates- Genetic disorder commonly seen in brachycephalic dogs.  It is an abnormal opening between the mouth and the nose that is caused when the tissues separating these two cavities do not growly together properly in the womb.


Food based

Contact allergies- reaction to something topical like detergent

Environmental- airborne, grass, plants

Health and DNA Testing

It is usually a good idea to have your puppy health tested if you are buying from a breeder that does not have health tested parents. Even then, it is good to know if your specific puppy carries any inherited traits or diseases.  Screening can help identify the cause of a current problem as well as reduce the risk of future conditions, increasing the health of future generations and usually can be treated easier if diagnosed early.

Testing is simple and virtually painless. Test kits can be ordered by many different genetic testing companies online and owners can choose to send in a small blood sample or cheek swab. 

DNA testing for coat color is also available and a good idea if you have bought breeding rights and plan to breed. 

Coat Colors and DNA

Whether you’re looking to breed or simply curious about your dogs DNA, coat colors and patterns can be difficult to read. Most breeders spend years researching and keeping up with all the new DNA possibilities that seem to appear each year.  With words like, recessive and dominant, Isabella and Lilac and locus and allele, it can become very overwhelming for a novice.  So, we’ve broken it down a bit for you to help you better understand the basics.

Before we begin, it is important to know a few things:

  • Each color or pattern you see on a dog is made up of a specific gene. We call these Locus. In the Frenchie world we know of 10 different Locus. A, B, Cocoa, D, E, K, S, M, L, I. 
  • Each Locus we see is created by 2 alleles, one comes from the mom (dam) and the other comes from the dad (sire) of the puppy.
  • Each dog will either carry no copies, one copy or two copies of EACH Locus depending on what alleles were carried on by each parent.
  • Some Genes, Locus, are dominant- meaning they only need 1 copy to be displayed on a dog’s coat. Others are called recessive meaning they need both copies to be present to make the coat visible of a specific color or pattern.

Here is a basic glossary of DNA Locus to help you understand the different colors and patterns.

View DNA Glossary

Now, let’s go back to High School Biology class where we learned all about the Punnett Square.

The Punnett square is a square diagram that is used to predict the DNA of a particular cross or breeding experiment. The diagram is used by breeders to determine the probability of an offspring having a particular genotype. The Punnett square is a tabular summary of possible combinations of maternal alleles (Mom/Dam) with paternal alleles (Dad/Sire). In this example below, we have two different Punnett squares.  The one on the left is an example of the “B” locus (Testable Chocolate).  The Mom/Dam’s DNA for this allele is written on the left being “Bb”. So, Mom carries one copy of testable making her a carrier (no visible coat color). The Dad/Sire’s DNA is on the top, “Bb” also making him a carrier of Testable Chocolate.  Remember: B= no copies, Bb=1 copy, and bb= 2 copies. This square makes the analogy that if you take the Mom’s DNA for this particular Locus of “B” and mix it with the two alleles of the Father’s DNA, theoretically 25% of the litter will be “BB” =no copies and these puppies will not carry testable chocolate, 50% will be “Bb”= 1 copy of testable and 25% will be “bb”= which is 2 copies of testable chocolate.

The example on the right would be an example of the “E” locus (cream). If the Mom’s DNA is on the left of the square “Ee” (1 copy of cream making her a cream carrier) and Dad’s DNA is on the top of the square being “ee” (2 copies of cream making him a visible cream dog) when put together theoretically, the litter will consist of 50% “Ee” (cream carriers) and 50% “ee” (visible creams).

dna diagram

It is important to remember that each Locus is diagramed separately. With that being said, the Loci can be combined with other Locus to create a large variety of DNA options.  For example, we already know that by combining two copies of the “d” locus (blue) with two copies of the “coco” locus (untestable chocolate) we can create a lilac.  The same can be said if we take those two copies of “d” (blue) and combine with two copies of “b” (testable chocolate) to create an Isabella.  So, can we take all three of these Loci and combine them? Yes, all three of these Loci, two copies of each, will create the New Shade Isabella.  The DNA will be dd, bb, coco.  By combining different colors and patterns, it will change the colors, shades of colors and patterns on the dog. Breeders have discovered these interesting combinations over time and have discovered new colors such as Lilac and Tan Merle (d/d, co/co, at/a OR at/at, M/N) and Isabella Merle Fluffy wrapped in cream (dd, bb, M/N, I/I, ee)  The more Loci a dog has in his DNA the more color/pattern combinations it will be able to create, when bred to a dog with similar genetics.

More Info For You:

  • French Bulldog

    Frenchies originated in England and were quite popular among the lace workers in the city of Nottingham. Workers that migrated to France took their 4-legged companions with them and they became quite the conversation piece. While the French Bulldog thrived in parts of Europe, it’s charm was soon discovered in America in the late 1800’s. The nickname “Frenchie” was quickly given and has been affectionately used ever since.

    Life Expectancy:

    10-12 years

    Body Structure:

    Generally, a French Bulldog is about 11 to 12 inches tall. Males weigh 20 to 28 pounds, females 16 to 24 pounds. However, size can vary based on genetics and lineage. The structures should be well distributed and bear good relation one to the other; no feature being in such prominence from either excess or lack of quality that the animal appears poorly proportioned. Here is an example of the correct body structure of a French bulldog:

    body structure of french bulldog

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